This video lecture from Carboxylic Acids (F.Sc. second year Chemistry) covers the reactions of carboxylic acids in which complete carboxyl- group participates. Kolbes electrolytic process eliminates carbon dioxide molecule and hence the formation of longer alkanes, alkenes and alkynes. Various products of this method depend on the type of carboxylic acid used i.e. unsaturated or saturated di carboxylic or mono carboxylic acids. Find more e-learning material and educational video lectures in Urdu at maktab.pk. These videos are free to use for promotional and commercial purpose by keeping the credits to Maktab.