This video lecture from Carboxylic Acids (F.Sc. second year Chemistry) covers the preparation of carboxylic acids from Grignard reagents. The alkyl chain on the magnesium atom acts as a nucleophile and attacks an aldehyde in a Nucleophilic addition reaction forming an alcohol. The alcohol can then be oxidized to carboxylic acid as discussed previously. A simple single carbon alkane can be turned into a carboxylic acid of any desired chain length using this mechanism. Find more e-learning material and educational video lectures in Urdu at maktab.pk. These videos are free to use for promotional and commercial purpose by keeping the credits to Maktab.