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FSc Chemistry Book2, CH 7, LEC 16: SP3 Hybridization and Sigma Bonds


This video lecture from Fundamental Principles of Organic Chemistry  (F.Sc. second year Chemistry) covers the concept of hybridization in general in which orbitals with distinct properties produce degenerate hybrids. One s orbital and 3 p orbitals hybridize to form 4 similar sp3 orbitals which allow for the formation of equivalent bonds in a tetrahedral fashion. sp3 hybridization is common in alkanes which form strong sigma bonds having shared electron density maximum along the line joining the nuclei of bonding atoms. Find more e-learning material and educational video lectures in Urdu at maktab.pk. These videos are free to use for promotional and commercial purpose by keeping the credits to Maktab.

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